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PVC extruded blades

The new PVC extruded blades make building your turbine dead easy. If your "wordworking challenged" like me, then these are the way to go.
Aluminium extruded blades

These aluminium blades are long lasting and use the proven GEO222 profile. Suit wind turbines in the range of 200 watts to 2kw.
Understanding Swept Area


A look at how the swept area, and therefore the power, of a turbine changes with diameter.
Turbine Balancing.


A very accurate way of balancing your windmill turbine.
How to mount the Extruded Blades  

Extruded PVC and Aluminium blades take a lot of the hard work out of building a wind turbine. They have a proven aerofoil profile and good finish, all you need to do is mount them on a hub and you have a working turbine.

Mounting the blades correctly is important. In the early development days of the extruded blades there were a few failures caused by incorrect mounting techniques. Blades have slid off the mounting rod, or bent back and hit the tower.

We've learned from these failures to come up with a mounting scheme that, to date, has not failed. It is highly recommended you use the information below when fitting your extruded blades, taking shortcuts will most likely lead to disaster.

The extruded blades are available in PVC and Aluminium. Both have the same profile, work just as well as eachother, and have a 1 inch hole down the full length of the blade. The hole is positioned at the blades center of lift, and is designed to have a steel tube fitted for strength and mounting.

To use these extruded blades, you slide in a length of 25mm( 1inch ) pipe at least 75% the length of the blade. This gives the blade its strength and makes it easy to mount the blade to the hub. You can use common 1inch exhaust tube for this, stainless steel is best. The blade will also need more strength towards the turbines center, where blade loading is at its maximum, so you need to slide a length of 22mm steel rod into the exhaust tube, for at least the first 25% of the blade. The exhaust tube and rod should be plug welded in several places to keep them together. See below. The inner 22mm rod should have a radiused end, and the plug welds should be no closer than 50mm from the inner 22mm rods end, and plug welds should be offset from eachother ( dont plug weld directly opposite another weld ). Do NOT use aluminium tube.


25mm exhaust tube and 22mm rod to suit

22mm rod cut into lengths and corners radiused

1 of several holes drilled for plug welding.

The 22mm rod tapped into place inside the
25mm exhaust tube.

Plug welded and filed back. Welded around end.
Welded on a nut to act as a retainer if there is a clamp failure.

Blades fitted and pop riveted in place.
Dont be afraid to add more rivets.

Once in place, the blade extrusion can be pop riveted to the tube. For turbines over 3 meters in diameter, the minimum recommended number of rivets is 8 ( 4 per side ), and for turbines under 3 meters, at least 6 ( 3 per side ) rivets should be used. The rivets should be stainless steel ( not aluminium ), and have a shank ( to suit hole ) of 5mm.

The blades work best with a angle off attack between 8o and 10o. The angle is taken from the blades centerline ( 0o ). Note there is a 3.2o difference between the blades centerline and the bottom surface ( the side that faces the wind ). So if you want a 10o angle of attack, rotate the blade to read 13.2o from the bottom surface.

If you have access to a laser or water jet cutter, you can use the zipped up DXF file below to cut a hub similar to the one I used, picture to the right. The hub uses U-bolts to secure the blade 25mm shaft, and makes it easy to adjust the angle of attack.

PVC_extrusion_hub_Smartdrive.zip

The dxf file contains the parts below, designed to fit the Smartdrive drive shaft. These should be cut from 6mm or 8mm mild steel. If you dont have a Smartdrive you can replace the spline with a hole to suit your alternator. The DXF file also includes a offset plate shown below. Using this plate will offset the blade to the centerline, purely for cosmetic reasons, and will actually reduce the chord swept area near the turbine center so may reduce power slightly.

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